The State University College at Fredonia is a 33 building campus with a total of 1.8 million square feet. A central heating plant served the majority of the campus. This plant and the associated distribution piping were built in 1967. Most of the buildings on campus were built between 1960 and 1980, and are of brick and concrete construction. Recently, the campus has experienced numerous failures of the High Temperature Hot Water (HTHW) system infrastructure. Due to overall system inefficiency, excessive maintenance, and safety concerns associated with this type of distribution system, the decision was made to replace the aging HTHW plant with a myriad of satellite boiler plants.